Monday, 30 March 2009

Is the Qur'an untouched?

Is the Qur'an 1-2-1 the original word of Allah? About the several copies of the Qur'an. About all being burnt but one by Uthman (3rd caliph). About the missing Surahs and the (non-) existance of early Manuscripts

That Uthman burnt several versions of the Qur’an is well attested , as the fact that Thabit (the supposed first compiler of the Qur’an) said that in his version, Q 33:23 was missing (Link) ; Please read as well Bukhari 6.061.511.

There is as well the issue of an entire surah missing (Sahih Muslim (Muslim 22886)). In Abdullah Yusuf Ali study note 3674 on Surah 33:6 you can find: "in some qiraats, as the one of Ubai ibn Ka'b, there is as well "and he is the father of them". 

You know the issue about the missing stoning verse, that was initially in the Qur’an:

Allah sent Muhammad (saw) with the Truth and revealed the Holy Book to him, and among what Allah revealed, was the Verse of the Rajam (the stoning of married persons, male and female, who commit adultery) and we did recite this Verse and understood and memorized it. Allah's Apostle (saw) did carry out the punishment of stoning and so did we after him. I am afraid that after a long time has passed, somebody will say, 'By Allah, we do not find the Verse of the Rajam in Allah's Book', and thus they will go astray by leaving an obligation which Allah has revealed. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 8, p.539). 

Except the one of Thabit, Uthman burned the copies of: 1) Ali, 2) Ubai b. Ka’b (where Surah 105 and 106 were together and in inverse order, and with 2 new surahs: surah al-Khala’ and surah al-hafd (named as well al-qanut)), 3) Ibn Mas’ud (Muhammad said that if one wanted to recite correctly and with eloquence the Qur’an, he has to read the reading of Mas’ud, who refused to give his copy to Uthman (Muslim 6022, vol 4). He was then beaten by Uthman (died of that). Uthman, after viewing the first standared copy of the Qur'an, said, 'I see grammatical errors in it, and the Arabs will read it correctly with their tongues . “Al-Furqan by Mohammad M. 'abd al-Latif Ibn al-Katib, Dar al-Kutub al-'elmiyah, Beirut, p.90”. We can find the same finding in Tabari. 

Actually there is no original Arabic Manuscript from which there is a copy. The arab edition derives from an oral source (1924, Egyptian edition, The isnad ends with ad-Dani (d 444 dH). So the text is around 400 aH old. Even, the notes to the Egyptian text show that if there is some disagreement between ad-Dani and Abu Da’ud (!), then it’s up to the Ulema to chek and decide!). Sadly (!), there is no original Manuscript to check the Uthmanic text! 

Check as well:





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