The Qu’ran Part VIII
From Part VII
TESTING THE TRUTHFULNESS OF THE QUR’AN
2. THE CHALLENGE OFFERED BY THE QUR’AN
The Second Test if the Challenge Given by the Qur’an in Mankind and Jinn to Produce the Like of the Qur’an
This test is set by the Qur’an itself in the following verse:
Say: " If the whole of mankind and Jinn were to gather together to produce the like of his Qur’an they could not produce the like thereof, even if they backed up each other with help and support" (Surat Al-Isra 17:88).
This challenge was met. In the age of Jhailia before Muhammad there were men who produced the like of the Qur’an.
Before he became a prophet, Muhammad heard Qus Ibn Saedah Al-Ayadi, who died in the year
The poet Omaia Ibn Abi Alsalat, who died in the year
The poets Antara Al-Abasi (who died in
Now ho about the jinn? Were they able to produce the like of the Qur’an? The answer is: certainly.
The Qur’an includes Surat Al-Jinn. It is
They said: "We have really heard a wonderful recital! It gives guidance to the right and we have believed therein: we shall not join [in worship] any [gods] with our Lord (
The rest of Surat Al-Jinn recorded the words of the jinn as if they were the words of Allah. The style of the jinn is very similar to the style of the Qur’an. The Qur’an declares that the jinn are evil creatures associated with satan:
Iblis [satan] he was one of the jinn, and he broke the command of his lord (
The jinn were able to produce the like of the Qur’an and in fact, they produced one whole chapter of the Qur’an and this is why it is called "
Ahmad Bahgat in his book Prophets of Allah, page 386, quoted Abdallah Ibn Massoud who said:
The Messenger of Allah said to his followers, "Everyone of you is escorted by a jinni and an angel." "Even you, messenger of Allah?" they asked. "Even me, Muhammad answered, but Allah helped me and he was converted to Islam, since that time he does not order me to do good.
here we have to ask, since Muhammad was escorted by a jinni, what kind of suggestions did the jinni give to Muhammad before the jinni became a Muslim?
The challenge of the Qur’an was met by poets and jinn to assure us that the Qur’an is not the word of God.
TESTING THE TRUTHFULNESS OF THE QUR’AN
3. INTERNAL DISCREPANCIES
The Third Test is the Test of Internal Consistency
If a book is truly inspired by the true God, it should not contradict itself. WE see an example of this in the four Gospels in the New Testament as we mentioned before.
In contrast to the Bible, the Qur’an is full of discrepancies and many Muslim scholars firmly believe that is has also been altered. There is no doubt that Calipah Uthman tampered with it. Aisha, Muhammed’s wife said:
The Bible was written over a period of 1500 years, by almost forty writers, among them a shepherd like Amos, a fisherman like Peter, a King like Solomon, a priest like Ezra, a statesman like Daniel, and a tax collector like Matthew. But the unity of sixty-six books of the Bible is amazing. We cannot interpret the book of Hebrews without reading the book of Leviticus; we cannot explain the book of Revelation without reading the book of Genesis. This proves that the Holy Spirit is the inspirer of all the books as the apostle Peter says:
Knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man, but holymen of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit (II Peter 1:20, 21 NKJ)
More importantly, we noticed that every book of the Bible has a special message, Genesis is the book of beginnings, exodus is the book of redemption, Proverbs is the book of practical daily life, Eccelsiastes shows that all the things under the sun are vanity of vanities and Psalms is the book of experience of joy and sadness of desperation and trust.
On the other hand, we find that the Qur’an, which was given to one man Muhammad in a period of less than twenty-three years, is full of contradictions and inconsistencies.
The Qur’an declares that Allah caused some of his revelations to be abrogated, and some to be forgotten and in that case Allah gave Muhammad better or similar revelations. here are the words of the Qur’an:
None of Our revelations do we abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but we substitute something better or similar: knowest thou not that Allah hat power over all things? (
That verse shows that Allah is not immutable, it shows that he is competing with himself. he abrogates a verse to give a better or similar one. The questions here is: If Allah will give a similar verse why does he cancel the first verse? Abdallah Abd Al-Fadi said:
Abrogation in God’s words goes against His wisdom, truthfulness and foreknowledge. It is the short-sighted man that issues laws and replaces them according to situations and circumstances. The omniscient God, however, knows about all things before they come to pass. How then could it possibly be said about God that He changes, exchanges, abrogates and blots out? (Is the Qur’an Infallible?, page 331).
The Qur’an also declares that Satan caused Muhammad to say words contrary to Allah’s words, and made suggestions to him that wee contrary to Allah’s plans. That happened when Muhammad praised the pagan deities Lat, Uzza, and Manat. he said to a gathering of Quaraysh that Lat, Uzza, and Manat could intercede with Allah. When Muhammad was rebuked by some of his friends, the following revelation came to him.
Never did we send a messenger or a prophet before thee, but, when he framed a desire, satan threw some [vanity] into his desire, but Allah will cancel anything [vain] that satan throws in, and Allah will confirm [and establish] his signs: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom (Surat Al-hajj 22:52).
The fact is it never happened to any true prophet that Satan inspired him with false revelations. Furthermore, if Satan could throw in the prophet’s mind words opposite to Allah’s words, how could we know which words that prophet are from Allah, and which are from satan?
The Qur’an suggests a test for itself in he following verse:
Do they not ponder the Qur’an? had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy (
The fact is there are many discrepancies in the Qur’an. The following are some of the many clear contradictions in the Qur’an.
Those who believe [in the Qur’an] and those who follow the Jewish [Scriptures] and the Christians and the Sabians, any who believe in Allah and the last days, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (
The Jews call Uzair a son of Allah and the Christians call Christ the Son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; [in this] they but imitate what the infidels (literal translation) of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the truth. (
Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from error. (
Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the last day, nor hold that which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger [Muhammad], nor acknowledge the religion of truth [Islam], from among the people of the book [Jews and Christians] until they paid the Jezia [special taxes paid by the Jews and Christians who do not want to denounce their religion] with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued (Surat Al-Tawbah 9:29).
To Allah belong the East and the West: whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah’s face, for Allah is all-Embracing, All Knowing (
So from whencesoever thou startest forth, turn thy face in the direction of the sacred mosque [the Kaaba]; and wheresoever ye are, turn thy facethither (
O Prophet rouse the Believers [Muslim] to fight, if there are twenty amongst you, patient and persevering, they will vanquish two hundred: if a hundred, they will vanquish a thousand of the unbelievers: for these are a people without under-understanding. (Surat Al-Anal 8:65).
Now hath Allah lightened your burden, for He knoweth that there is weakness in you. So if there be of you a steadfast hundred they shall overcome two hundred, and if there be of you a thousand they shall overcome two thousand by permission of Allah. Allah is with the steadfast (Surat Al-Anfal 8:66).
Thy duty is to make [the message] reach them. It is our part to call them to account (
..I will instill terror into the hearts of the unbelievers: smite ye above their necks and smite all of their finger-tips of them this because they contended against Allah and His Messenger: If any contend against Allah and His Messenger. Allah is strict in punishment (Surat Al-Anfal 8:12).
O Prophet! We have made lawful to thee thy wives to whom thou has paid their dowers; and those whom they right hand possesses out of the captives of war whom Allah has assigned to thee; and daughters of thy paternal uncles and aunts, who migrated with thee; and any believing woman who gives herself to the prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed to her-this only for thee, and not for the believers [at large]; We know what We have appointed for them as to their wives and the captives whom their rights hands posses-in order that there be no difficulty for thee. And Allah is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful (
It is not lawful for thee [to marry more] women after this, nor to change them for [other] wives even though their beauty attract thee, except any thy right hand should possess [as handmaidens]: and Allah doth watch over all (Surat Al-Ahzab 33:52)
And nearest among them in love to the believers [the Muslims] wilt thou find those who say "we are Christians because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant" (Surat Al-Maidah 5:82)
O ye who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors: they are but friends and protectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them [for friendship] is of them. Verify Allah guideth not a people unjust (
To Moses We did give Nine Clear Signs: Ask the Children of Israel: When he came to them, Pharaoh said to him: "O Moses! I consider thee, indeed, to have been worked upon by sorcery." Moses said, "Thou knowest well that these things have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as eye opening evidence: and I consider thee indeed, O Pharaoh, to be one doomed to destruction!" Soon he resolved to remove them from the face of the earth: but We did drown him and all who were with him (
We took the children of
Adam and Jesus
The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: "Be": and he was (
Adam was not created by the word "Be" but by the breath of Allah
Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: "I am about to create man from clay: when I have fashioned him and breathed into him of My Spirit, fall ye down in prostration unto him" (
Jesus was not conceived by the word "Be"
And Mary [mother of Jesus] the daughter of Imran, who guarded her virginity (literal translation); and we breathed into [her body] of our spirit; and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of his revelations, and was one of the devout [servants] (
Say: O disbelievers! I worship not that which ye worship; nor worship ye that which I worship. And I shall not worship that which ye worship. Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion. (
Say: "If The Most Gracious Had a son, I would be the first to worship."(
We have made it a Qur’an in Arabic, that ye may be able to understand (
This verse indicates that the Qur’an is exclusively for the Arabic speaking people. It could not be a miracle, because people of other tongues cannot even read it.
He it is Who has sent down to thee the book [the Qur’an]...no one knows its true meaning except Allah (
According to the Qur’an, Jesus Christ is a word from Allah:
Behold: the angels said: "O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world, and the hereafter and of [the company of] those nearest to Allah (
It is of great importance to deal with two verses of the Qur’an at the close of this selection. The first verse is:
Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own [scriptures]. In the Torah and the Gospel for he commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil...(
The second verse is:
And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said: "O children of Israel: I am the messenger of Allah [sent] to you confirming the Torah[ which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmad... (
We are confident that there is no mention of Muhammad and no prophecy concerning him in the Torah and the Gospel. Muhammad is not the prophet like Moses, as Muslim scholars claim. He is not the comforter, for the comforter is the Holy Spirit. Muhammad is not a spirit. He is not the servant mentioned in Isaiah 42:1, and he is not the stone cut out without hands mentioned in Daniel 2:34.
All these prophecies were fulfilled to the letter in Jesus Christ and in the Holy Spirit who descended from heaven in the Day of Pentecost. Jesus is the prophet like Moses (Deuteronomy -19 and Acts -23), He is the servant chosen by God (Isaiah 42:1-4 and Matthew -21), He is the stone cut out without human hands (I Peter 2:6-8 and His kingdom will fill the earth at His second coming (revelation ).
In short there are no prophecies concerning Muhammad in the sixty-six books of the Bible. When the Qur’an says that Muhammad was mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel, and was mentioned by Jesus, the Qur’an is in error.
One more verse should be dealth with:
Allah hath purchases of the Believers their persons and their goods; for theirs [in return] is the garden [of paradise]: they fight in his cause, and slay and are slain: a promise binding on Him, in truth throughout the Torah, the Gospel, and the Qur’an. And who is more faithful to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which ye have concluded: that is the achievement supreme (
Contrary to what the Qur’an said here, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob did not command the children of
In fact, in the New Testament God commanded his people:
Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written "Vengeance is mine, I will repay," says the Lord. "Therefore if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head. Do not be overcome by evil, but over come evil with good (Romans -21 NKJ)
We repeat, God does not command Christians to fight for His cause. The questions is: if the Muslims believe that Islam is Allah’s religion, why do they leave Allah to protect and defend his religion?
When God called Gideon to save
Would you plead for Baal? If he is a god, let him plead for himself, because his altar has been torn down...(Judges NKJ)
Certainly, the True and Almighty God does not need anyone to fight for Him.
TESTING THE TRUTHFULNESS OF THE QUR’AN
4. PROVIDING SPIRITUAL NEEDS
The Fourth Test is the Test of Providing for the Basic Spiritual Needs of Mankind
If the Qur’an is the true word of God, it must give satisfactory answers to the basic spiritual needs of mankind. If it fails to give these needed answers, then it is not the true word of God. There are four basic spiritual needs of the human heart.
- The need to be loved and to love.
- Assurance of total forgiveness of sin, so that the believer would not feel the sense of guilt, but rather experience joy and peace.
- A way of life designed by God, the supreme authority, to show the believer how to please his creator and to deal with his fellow men.
- Assurance of eternal life with God in heavenly bliss.
Are there any satisfactory answers in the Qur’an for these basic needs?
The Need to be Loved and to Love.
The New Testament declares that:
God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we are still sinners, Christ died for us (Romans 5:8 NKJ). Beloved let us love one another, for love is of God; and everyone who loves is born of God and knows God. He who does not love does not know God, for God is love. In this the love of God was manifested toward us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world that we might live through him. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His son to be the propitiation for our sins. Beloved if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another...if someone says "I love God," and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love is brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen (I John 4:7-11, 2 NKJ)
We see the magnificent example of forgiveness and love in Jesus Christ. While Jesus was hanging on the cross in great agony, he prayed for his enemies:
Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do (Luke )
Concerning the love of Christ for his own, we read:
...having loved His own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end (John 13:1).
The Muslims do not believe that "God is love." That name is not mentioned in the Qur’an among the ninety-nine excellent names of Allah. You will not find even one verse in the Qur’an that says Allah loves sinners. The Qur’an does not satisfy the need to be loved and to love.
The Need of Total Forgiveness
Sin is a heavy burden. It disturbs man's conscience and robs him of joy and peace. The prophet David cried out:
For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me
Mohammed felt the burden of sin. It was too heavy for him and made him bend under its weight.
Have We not expounded thee thy breast? And removed from thee thy burden (literally "iniquity"). The which did gall thy back (
The Bible declares that man is a sinner by nature and actions. The Prophet David said:
Behold, I was shaped in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me (Psalm 51:5).
The apostle Paul said:
For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold under sin. For what I am doing, I do not understand. For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do. If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good. But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me. For I know that in me (that is in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find. For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice. Now if I do what I will not to do, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me (Romans -20 NKJ).
The doctrine of original sin or inherited sin has no room in the teaching of Islam. Man, according to the Qur’an and to Mohammed, is born in a natural state of purity or fitrah. Whatever becomes of man after birth is the result of external influences. T his Qur’anic teaching is false, because there was any external influence Cain, the firs son of Adam and Eve, hated his brother Abel and killed him The act was motivated by his inherited sinful nature.
For from within, out of the hear t of men, processed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornication's, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: all these evil things come from within, and defile the man (Mark 7:21-23).
Psychology confirms what the Bible says. There is the "id," the dark side of the human psyche. The Bible declares that sin is the transgression of the law of God (I John 3:4). It is negligence of doing what is good (James ). It was whatever is not of faith (Romans ). It is an evil or foolish thought (Proverbs 24:9). In the light of the Biblical definition of sin, we can say with the apostle Paul:
...All have sinned, and come short of the glory of God (Romans ).
To deny that all men are sinners, is to deceive ourselves (I John 1:8). The Qur’an does not offer assurance of forgiveness. Mohammed said to the Muslims:
Do good things, give alms, but know that none of your will escape judgment by his work. "Even you Messenger of Allah?" his followers asked, "Even me, unless Allah bestow his mercy on me" (The Doctrines of Islam, page 75).
There are give Islamic rituals which are called pillars of Islam. Every true Muslim fulfill them.
The Shahada or testimony. Every Muslim should testify that there is no god but Allah and that Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah.
Prayer. Every Muslim should pray five times a day. Before offering the prayer one must wash parts of his body-the Muslim call that ablution. If, after washing, the man touches a woman, then he has to repeat his ablution; touching a woman defiles the Muslim (
- Fasting the month of Ramadan each year. The fast starts before the break of the dawn and ends at sunset.
- Giving alms, which is called Zakaht. That means the Muslim with means must distribute Zakaht, money or material possessions, among the rightful beneficiaries.
- The Pilgrimage (Hajj). It is a mandatory performance for every Muslim who is able to visit the Kaaba in
With the performance of all these obligations, a Muslim cannot be assured that his sins are forgiven. The Qur’an declares salvation by works:
For those things that are good remove those that are evil (
But at the Day of Judgment scales will be set to weigh the good and evil deeds.
The balance that day will be true: Those whose scales [of good] will be heavy, will prosper: Those whose scale will be light will find their souls in perdition (
A Muslim is terrified of the Day of Judgment. He is not sure of the result of weighing his good and evil deeds in the balance.
The journalist said: "That means, if I do not wear the Hejab I will not enter the hell fire without taking into account the rest of my good deeds." "My daughter, no one knows who will enter the hell fire .. I might be the first one to enter it" Caliph Abu-Bakr Al-Sadik said: "I have no trust concerning Allah's schemes, even if one of my feet is inside of paradise who can determine which deed is acceptable and which is not. You do all what you can do, and the accountability is with Allah. You ask him for acceptance."
The Bible clearly shows that sin is rebellion against the Holy God. No one may be granted forgiveness by good deeds. The only way for forgiveness is through faith ( that must be corroborated of course by good deeds) in the finished work of Jesus Christ on the cross.
For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast (Ephesians 2:8, 9 NKJ).
If you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved (Romans 10:9).
The Qur’an offers no assurance of forgiveness, and that is in stark contrast with what is said in the Bible. The apostle Paul says:
In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace (Ephesians 1:7).
The apostle John says:
If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness (I John 1:9 NKJ).
Continues on Part IX