Tuesday, 7 April 2009

Has the Qur'an never been changed?

Some more proof...How an early companion of Muhammad and his personal scribe left Islam because Muhammad let him change the words of the Qur'an

Now, show me any scholarly research doubting that Qur'an is an UNCHANGED book and doubting that the "author" is the Blessed Prophet Muhammad!”

Moreover, it doesn’t need a scholar to testify that the Qur’an isn’t unchanged, and that (you said it rightly! At least one ray of hope!) Muhammad has been the author! It just suffices to read the Islamic ahadith:

did you know the history of
Abdullah ibn Abi Sarh, one of the companions, and for some time as well scribe and secretary of Muhammad (he had totally around 42 scribes)), he was writing down the Qur’an for Muhammad, but then he recognized that Muhammad was fabricating verses or words. He was quite educated and he was often suggesting to Muhammad how better to write some verses. Muhammad was happy because of that “little” help. Wasn’t it Muhammad that once said that Arabs “are a nation that could not write and do accounting”? He left Muhammad and eventually Islam. He left Mecca, where he told everything to anyone. Muhammad than decided to kill him, even if he had previously promised not to kill anyone in Mecca. Abdullah, for example, told that he was writing “merciful” and “absolute” when Muhammad was saying: “wise” and “strong” (aziz->alim). Muhammad was often corrected by his scribe, that’s why he left Islam. When Mecca was taken by the Muslim Armada, Muhammad decreed a general amnesty, with six exceptions (some say ten as of the list that you can find in Ibn Sa`d "Tabaqat", Vol 2, page 168”). Even if Abdullah didn’t commit any crime, he was in this list. He was then captured (he had sought refuge in Uthman’s house which was his foster brother), he pledged not to be killed, and thanks to the intercession of Uthman, being in front of Muhammad (who kept silent for a long wile), he was spared. Ibn Ishaq (Sirah, pg 550) tells us that Muhammad was then asked why Abdullah was left to go. Muhammad replied: I was expecting that one of you would behead him”. You can find the same account in the Sirah al-Iraqi” (Source)

Note: these additions are still in the Qur’an and modern scholars as W. Montgomery Watt (here
) or Richard Bell (here) have shown that the Qura’nic style is “broken” and was reconciled

Let’s start with the great last party (about the sources and the tampering of the Qur’an by Uthman):

How about for example if you would discover how Christians, Zoroastrian and ancient Bedouin believes have formed to shape the Qur’an? Link
, Link (and if you speak French: Link)

And what about, (
only through Muslim and Islamic sources)! (ALL here)

·                     Evidences of changes of the Qur’an before Uthman

·                     After Uthman

·                     Hadiths which say the Qur'an is incomplete

·                     Hadiths which refer to lost Surahs

·                     Variants which exist in present-day manuscripts

·                     The Claim of Muhammad's Perfect Memory

·                     Scribal and Grammatical Errors in the Qur'an

·                     About how perfect the Qur’an is (Link)

Bonus tracks:
1) Is the Qur’an untouched? There is no original Arabic Manuscript from which there is a copy: (Link)

2) About the existing Qur’anic MS: The Topkapi and Samarcandan Manuscripts are written in “landscape” and are of later age, have no vowels (and no diacritical signs) are written in kufic and should be around 790 AD (170 years later!!!)). So, for example, you have difficulties distinguishing the ba/taa…sometimes it suffices a xxx of a fly…to change dramatically the sense of the sentence).

And here I’m not even touching the issue about the Qur’an being revealed in seven modes
(ahruf), o/w Uthman destroyed six of them (these are different “versions” and not just different pronunciations or dialects, because there were different chapters and verses)(Link)

See why:
“…I heard Hisham bin Hakim reciting Suraht-al-Furqan during the lifetime of Allah's Apostle, I listened to his recitation and noticed that he was reciting in a way that Allah's Apostle had not taught me. I was about to jump over him while he was still in prayer, but I waited patiently and when he finished his prayer, I put my sheet round his neck (and pulled him) and said, "Who has taught you this Surah which I have heard you reciting?" Hisham said, "Allah's Apostle taught it to me." I said, "You are telling a lie, for he taught it to me in a way different from the way you have recited it!" Then I started leading (dragged) him to Allah's Apostle and said (to the Prophet), "I have heard this man reciting Suraht-al-Furqan in a way that you have not taught me." The Prophet said: "(O 'Umar) release him! Recite, O Hisham." Hisham recited in the way I heard him reciting. Allah's Apostle said, "It was REVEALED like this." Then Allah's Apostle said, "Recite, O 'Umar!" I recited in the way he had taught me, whereupon he said, "It was REVEALED like this," and added, "The Qur’an has been REVEALED to be recited in seven different ways, so recite of it whichever is easy for you." (See Hadith No. 514, Vol. 6) (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 640)”).

Muslim scholars till this day do not know what the exact differences between these seven modes were, with some scholars proposing as many as thirty-five different possibilities and explanations! To make matters worse, the 3
rd caliph Uthman ibn Affan decided to destroy six of the seven modes which Muhammad claimed were revealed to him by God: These modes couldn’t simply be dialectal in nature but included major variations in wording.

Ex: “He then said: Each mode is sufficiently health-giving,
whether you utter "all-hearing and all-knowing" or instead "all-powerful and all-wise". This is valid until you finish the verse indicating punishment on mercy and finish the verse indicating mercy on punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Prof. Ahmad Hasan [Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers, Booksellers & Exporters; Lahore, Pakistan, 1984], Vol I, Nr 1472, p. 387).

This is the evidence of the falseness of those who say that the seven ahruf are the seven present readings.

Interesting points:

- the differences among the different and competing Qur’anic codices were so great that it led to internal fighting among the various Muslim communities, please see “
Tafsir al-Qurtubi: Classical Commentary of the Holy Qur’an, translated by Aisha Bewley [Dar Al-Taqwa Ltd. 2003], Volume I, Introduction: ‘Uthmani Codex, pp. 52-53).
- The, the variations of the Qur’an were so great that Muslims started attacking each other and accusing one another of disbelief. This refutes the notion that the differences were minor.

Comparing the Muslim situation with the disagreement between Jews and Chris regarding their Book is interesting since the main difference between them centres on the number of inspired Books. The Jews do not accept the NT Books which Christians believe are inspired and therefore part of the Biblical canon. This suggests that the competing and conflicting Qur’anic copies which different Muslim groups were using were not uniform in their number of chapters and verses, e.g. some Qur’an had more chapters and verses than others. No wonder Uthman decided to burn copies of the Qur’an which were written by Muhammad’s companions! He had to get rid of the evidence which conclusively proved that the memory of the Muslims failed to fully preserve the original wording of the Qur’an.

Now I have some questions to you:
1) What do you have to say about the vast differences between these 7 modes, differences that were so great that some Muslims were actually shocked and stunned? In fact, these diff almost led to a war among the Muslims according to one report
2) Which of these seven modes, if any, contain the exact words of the original Qur’an in the possession of Allah?
3) Doesn’t this imply that at least six of the seven modes did not contain the original words as found in the mother of the book but merely reported the gist of what is found in the heavenly exemplar?
4) Who gave Uthman the right to destroy six of the seven modes when Muhammad claimed that these were given directly by Allah and were therefore equally authoritative?) And who is to say that Uthman chose the right mode seeing that he received no instructions from Muhammad to do what he did?

More on that: here

You see how spreading “shit” on others, sometimes come back in a bandwagon? There is still room for more discussions here, but I wanted to keep it “short” (hahaha)


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